Strategies for rendering multilingualism in subtitling for the deaf and hard of hearing


  • Agnieszka Szarkowska University of Warsaw
  • Jagoda Żbikowska University of Warsaw
  • Izabela Krejtz University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw



multilingualism, subtitling for the deaf and hard of hearing, strategies, linguistic homogenisation, vehicular matching


In this paper we present a set of strategies for rendering the presence of multiple languages in multilingual films in subtitling for the deaf and hard of hearing (SDH): vehicular matching, explicit attribution, colour-coding and linguistic homogenisation. We also report on an online study among deaf and hard of hearing Polish participants regarding their preferences for specific SDH strategies. The findings show that, even when they do not know the foreign language involved, most participants prefer more informative strategies where indications of multilingualism are made explicit.


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How to Cite

Szarkowska, A., Żbikowska, J., & Krejtz, I. (2013). Strategies for rendering multilingualism in subtitling for the deaf and hard of hearing. Linguistica Antverpiensia, New Series – Themes in Translation Studies, 13.