Comparing the impact of automatically generated and corrected subtitles on cognitive load and learning in a first- and second-language educational context

Wing Shan Chan, Jan-Louis Kruger, Stephen Doherty

Abstract


The addition of subtitles to videos has the potential to benefit students across the globe in a context where online video lectures have become a major channel for learning, particularly because, for many, language poses a barrier to learning. Automated subtitling, created with the use of speech-recognition software, may be a powerful way to make this a scalable and affordable solution. However, in the absence of thorough post-editing by human subtitlers, this mode of subtitling often results in serious errors that arise from problems with speech recognition, accuracy, segmentation and presentation speed. This study therefore aims to investigate the impact of automated subtitling on student learning in a sample of English first- and second-language speakers. Our results show that high error rates and high presentation speeds reduce the potential benefit of subtitles. These findings provide an important foundation for future studies on the use of subtitles in education.


Keywords


educational subtitling, subtitle, subtitling, automatically generated subtitles, automated subtitling, cognitive load, language barrier in learning, English as Second Language, ESL

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References


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